A note to avoid confusion: It is a common misconception that Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon were the forerunners of Modern Man. Actually Modern Man is much older than both of them. Accordingly, Modern man and the Humanoids are presented here, in the correct chronological order.
Homo- habilis is now extinct, but he inhabited parts of sub-Saharan Africa about 2 million to 1.5 million years ago. Homo-habilis is generally accepted as the earliest member of the genus Homo. He is following Australopithecus and preceding Homo-erectus. He was given the name Homo habilis, meaning ‘handy man’, because he made tools. We think that he was the first creature to make tools for specific purposes. Like if he needed a sharp edge to cut meat, he would strike two pieces of flint against each other, and the pieces that broke away would usually have a sharp edge, instant Knife.
2** Homo- Erectus
Next we have Homo-erectus, he seems to have been restricted to the African tropics for the first several hundred thousand years of his existence, but eventually, By about 500,000 years ago, he began to gradually migrate into Asia and parts of Europe. Homo erectus or ‘upright man’, was the first creature to stand fully upright. He was probably also the first to use fire. We think that Homo erectus built campfires and may have made simple ovens with hot stones.
Note: It should be understood, that no Humanoid existed on the Earth “Exclusively”. When a child is born, the parents do not automatically die. As Humanoids produced new species, either through evolution or crossbreeding. The original species remained, until they became extinct through further crossbreeding, or because of their inability to compete for food and/or mates; and perhaps even because of physical conflict.
Note: Pleistocene: means the “Great Ice Age.” which began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended roughly 10,000 years ago.
The Genus and species to which all modern human beings (Homo-sapien-sapien), belong and to which are attributable fossil remains of humans in Africa, from 400,000 years ago or more. (In Qesem Cave near Rosh Haayin, in central Israel, human teeth were found indicating the existence of modern man (Homo sapiens) in Israel as early as about 400,000 years ago; thus proving that modern man is much older than 400,000 years).
4****Neanderthal (the result of crossbreeding between Homo-Sapien & Homo-Erectus
Now lets look at Neanderthal, he was an “in-between” form of Homo-sapien – less advanced than Modern man, but more advanced than Homo-Erectus. He inhabited much of Europe and the Mediterranean lands during the late Pleistocene Epoch, (about 100,000 to 30,000 years ago). Neanderthal remains have also been found in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia. The name Neanderthal, derives from the discovery in 1856 of the remains of this Humanoid in a cave above the Neander Valley in Germany, not far from Düsseldorf.
“And so it may be, that this is where we see the first evidence of modern man (modern man first shows up at about 400,000 years ago, and is much older than Neanderthal); cross-breeding with Humanoids, in this case Homo-Erectus – who still existed as late as 300,000 B.C. Thus producing the hybrid “Neanderthal”. ”
It was thought that Neanderthals anatomic adaptations to cold had brought about a lightning of the skin, and thus played a part in the evolution of White people. But scientific studies indicate that modern White people show no genetic evidence of admixture with Neanderthals that relates to their skin color. Though they do show admixture with Neanderthal, as does the Billions of Black people outside of Africa. It now appears that White peoples evolution was much simpler and more direct.
Note; The Andaman, the Australian Aborigine and the New Guinean Papua have a (4-6%) higher percentage of Neanderthaler then white people.
Cro-Magnon is the name of a rock shelter near Dordogne France. Here several prehistoric skeletons were found in 1868, these human remains are of the Upper Paleolithic period, 40,000 –10,000 years ago. Among these bones is the cranium and mandible of a male about 50 years old. This male is considered representative of the Cro-Magnon type, and this particular specimen is known as the “Old Man of Cro-Magnon.”
The skull is longheaded, the forehead is straight, the brow ridges only slightly projecting, the cranial vault noticeably flattened, and the occipital bone (at the back of the head) projects backward. The cranial capacity is large, about 100 cubic inches. Although the skull is relatively long and narrow, the face appears quite short and wide. This combination is often regarded as a common feature of the Cro-Magnon race.
Modern type individuals with at least some Cro-Magnon characteristics (these are called Cro-Magnoids), are found during the stone age in Europe, roughly from 5,000 to about 2,000 B.C. At the same time, remains have also been found for individuals who were quite different, often broad-headed, (as opposed to narrow headed).
There are still some modern human groups that are thought to have retained a close relationship to Cro-Magnon types, at least in their cranial morphology. Particularly noteworthy of these are the Dal people from Dalecarlia (now Dalarna, Sweden.) and the Guanches of the Canary Islands, who are thought to represent a relatively pure Cro-Magnon stock.
A note of interest: The Bushman of the Kalahari desert in South Namibia. Aka: The San People. Have by genetic analysis been determined to be the closest to the original Homo-sapien sapien in genetic makeup, and thus, the worlds Oldest Humans!
The oldest man-made structure on earth is in South Africa,
it is known as Adams Calendar,
and more recently as Enkis Calendar.
This latest theory is worth considering because the San demonstrate a wide range of phenotypes that could easily evolve into the modern variations of Mongols, European Albinos, and Africans that we see today.
Accepting the San as the first Humans also allows for easy explanation of African skin colors.
The UV index of South Africa reaches the maximum of eleven in only four to six months of the year. Therefore “Brown Skin” provides ample protection from the Sun.
That leaves just one more Human attribute to be explained:
Previously we have seen that Albinism (a defective “P” gene) actually straightens the hair.
And we have also seen that the effects of a defective “P” gene are not always universal. Thus a person with a defective “P” gene might only have it effect the EYES.
Or only the HAIR:
And of course, when the effects of a defective “P” gene ARE universal, we get the Dravidian Albino:
formerly of Central Asia, and now of Europe.