Vikings were literally sea rovers or pirates. Viking warriors were known as Berserkers. Berserker’s were known for their fierceness and boldness, Black shamans who went into altered states before going into battle. The Norse Vikings who invaded England were described in chronicles as Black Men. The Black Vikings raided Iona, Ireland in 795, In 852 they would attack the city of Athcliath, (modern-day Dublin). In 867 the Black Norseman would take the city of York and establish a permanent presence in England. In 1018 the Norseman who arrived in Kiev, Russia were described as Danes. “The Danes then were like Moors- Black like them too- David MacRitchie- Ancient and Modern Britons volume 1 pg 121. Author William Gershom Collingwood describes the invading horde in his book “Scandinavian Britain” as Swart-Black and Gold Adorned.