according to the book Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of Racism, by the end of the 1960s, more than 10,000 towns forbade Blacks from entering their city limits after dark, including Glendale, Calif., and Warren, Mich. Over half the incorporated towns in Illinois were “sundown towns” like Anna, Ill., which expelled its entire Black population in 1909 and had the unofficial slogan “Ain’t no niggers allowed.”
In 1973, residents of Ashby, Mass. voted 148-79 against inviting racial minorities into their town. It is still 96.8 percent white and .06 percent Black, according to census data, which is still higher than the population of Westwood, Mass., which is only 0.3 percent African American. In 1970, nearly 95 percent of Westwood’s citizens held negative views of Black people, including not wanting them in their town, according to researchers. Westwood was originally part of a larger town where a millionaire built an exquisite mansion after his original home mysteriously burned down.
The mansion is located in Dedham, Mass.