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CHARLES II & THE SLAVE TRADE (House of Stewart)

“Charles the second was, in the popular language of the day, a tall black man”

SOURCES;

(Norman Chevers, “An Enquiry into the circumstances of the Death of King Charles the Second”; 1861)

(“A Narrative of The Adventures of Charles the Second after The Battle of Worcester”; 1859)

“In person Charles was tall, his complexion was swarthy”

“The king’s swarthy complexion with its effect heightened by the dark periwig”

SOURCES;

(Thomas Keightley, “The History of England, Volume 2; 1840)

(John Lingard, “A history of England from the first invasion by the Romans (to the Revolution in 1688”; 1827)

(“National Biography Vol. X”; 1887)

Definition of SWARTHY:

Black, Dark Brown, Tawny.

SOURCE;

(Samuel Johnson, “A Dictionary of the English Language; in which the Words are Deduced from Their Originals; and Illustrated in Their Different Significations … Together with a History of the Language, and an English Grammar.”; Vol 4; 1818)

Charles I was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from March 27, 1625 until his execution in 1649…

He was born into the House of Stuart as the second son of King James VI of Scotland…

A ground breaking DNA study has found that half of all the men who carry the surnames Stewart, or Stuart, are descended from Scotland’s royal dynasty…

The same investigation has also traced, for the first time, the rise of a male DNA lineage to a single individual in the 13th century who founded a branch of the Royal Stewart line…

The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house of Scotland with Breton origin…

The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert III, whose descendants were kings and queens of Scotland from 1371 until the union with England in 1707…

Robert III—born John Stewart—was King of Scotland from 1390 to his death in 1406…

He was the eldest son of Robert II…

“They Lineally descended of Sir John Stewart, (commonly called the Black Stewart, from his Complexion) Son to King Robert the II …”

SOURCE;

(George Crawford, “A Genealogical History of the Royal and Illustrious Family of the Stewarts”; 1710)

“From his dark complexion, he was known as The Black Stewart”

SOURCE;

(John MacArthur, “The Antiquities of Arran”; 1873)

The charter issued by King Charles II in 1663, represents the moment at which the transatlantic slave trade officially began, with royal approval, in the English (later British) Empire…

This led to the rapid expansion of British involvement in the slave trade and enslavement of Africans…

The charter granted the Company of Royal Adventurers of England a monopoly in the transportation of people from the west coast of Africa to the English colonies in the Americas…

It explicitly sanctioned ‘the buying and selling, bartering and exchanging of, for, and with any negro slaves, goods, wares and merchandizes whatsoever to be vended or found’ in Western Africa…

Charles II was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland…

He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the 1660 Restoration of the monarchy until his death in 1685…

Charles II died at Whitehall on February 6, 1685 and was buried in the Westminster Abbey…

This 6’2” tall life size wax effigy of King Charles II was made in 1686 possibly by sculptor John Bushnell and the face is a remarkable likeness…

This wax effigy stood by his grave for over a century before being collected, with others, for display in the small Islip chapel. ..

It shows the king’s swarthy complexion and may have been taken from a life cast of the king’s face (this was a fashionable thing to have done at this period)

Jewellery from the figure was stolen during a funeral in 1700 and it has lost its sword…

The wig is an 18th century replacement…

By wmb3331

Isaiah Israel is a graduate of the University of Hawaii Pacific with a bachelors in Psychology and a deep love for history in which he believes that when you know the past you can understand the present and predict the future course of man and mankind and is the author of the best selling ebook The White Man's Burden Of Lies and Deceit.

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