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James Madison

JAMES MADISON

Edward Coles was a politician, and private secretary to James Madison…

Coles described Madison’s personal appearance in 1854:

“In height he [Madison] was about five feet six inches, of a small and delicate form, of rather a tawny complexion”

SOURCE;

(Irving Brant, “‪James Madison: The Virginia revolutionist”; 1941)‬

SALLOW, a. sāl’ lō [AS. salu, sallow: Bav. sal, discolored: Dut. zaluw, TAWNY]

Sallow means Tawny…

“The Fr. Tane, tanned, is also–swart, SALLOW, dusky, or tawney of hue”

Tawney or Tawny is derived from the French word Tanné which means Tan color or Brown…

“Tan or Tawny will be—the color of the chestnut”

SOURCE;

(Charles Richardson, “A New Dictionary of the English Language, Volume 2; 1855)

This portrait was painted by Raphaelle Peale in 1810…

Raphaelle Peale is considered the first professional American painter of still-life…

Peale was the son of the painter Charles Willson Peale…

Like all his siblings (almost all of whom were named after famous artists or scientists), Raphaelle was trained by his father as an artist…

Early in his career, the pair collaborated on portraits…

Charles Willson Peale was an American painter, he is best remembered for his portrait paintings of leading figures of the American Revolution…

James Madison Jr. was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817…

He is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the United States Bill of Rights…

He co-wrote The Federalist Papers, co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, and served as the fifth United States secretary of State from 1801 to 1809…

Madison is widely regarded as one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States…

Historian J.C.A. Stagg writes that “in some ways—because he was on the winning side of every important issue facing the young nation from 1776 to 1816—Madison was the most successful and possibly the most influential of all the Founding Fathers.”

Though he helped found a major political party and served as the fourth president of the United States, his legacy has largely been defined by his contributions to the Constitution; even in his own life he was hailed as the “Father of the Constitution.”

Law professor Noah Feldman writes that Madison “invented and theorized the modern ideal of an expanded, federal constitution that combines local self-government with an overarching national order.”

Feldman adds that Madison’s “model of liberty-protecting constitutional government” is “the most influential American idea in global political history.”

Polls of historians and political scientists tend to rank Madison as an above average president…

A 2018 poll of the American Political Science Association’s Presidents and Executive Politics section ranked Madison as the twelfth best president…

Wood commends Madison for his steady leadership during the war and resolve to avoid expanding the president’s power, noting one contemporary’s observation that the war was conducted “without one trial for treason, or even one prosecution for libel.”

Nonetheless, many historians have criticized Madison’s tenure as president…

Henry Steele Commager and Richard B. Morris in 1968 said the conventional view of Madison was as an “incapable President” who “mismanaged an unnecessary war.”

A 2006 poll of historians ranked Madison’s failure to prevent the War of 1812 as the sixth-worst mistake made by a sitting president…

By wmb3331

Isaiah Israel is a graduate of the University of Hawaii Pacific with a bachelors in Psychology and a deep love for history in which he believes that when you know the past you can understand the present and predict the future course of man and mankind and is the author of the best selling ebook The White Man's Burden Of Lies and Deceit.

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