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FREDERICK THE WISE & JOHN THE MAGNANIMOUS—Electors of Saxony

Both of these portraits were painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder circa 1524…

Lucas Cranach the Elder was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving…

He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career…

Cranach was the court painter to the electors of Saxony in Wittenberg, an area in the heart of the emerging Protestant faith…

Frederick III, also known as Frederick the Wise, was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther…

He is notable as being one of the most powerful early defenders of Martin Luther…

He successfully protected Luther from the Holy Roman Emperor, the Pope and other hostile figures…

He was led not by religious conviction but rather by his personal belief in a fair trial for any of his subjects (a privilege guaranteed by the imperial statutory law) and the rule of law…

The elector had little personal contact with Luther himself…

Frederick’s treasurer Degenhart Pfaffinger (Pfaffinger being a German dynasty) spoke on his behalf to Luther…

Frederick was among the princes who pressed the need of reform upon Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I…

His court painter from 1504 was Lucas Cranach the Elder…

John Frederick I, called the Magnanimous, was Elector of Saxony (1532-1547) and head of the Schmalkaldic League…

He cultivated a personal relationship with Martin Luther, beginning to correspond with him in the days when the bull of excommunication was first issued against the Reformer, and showing himself a convinced adherent of Luther…

When the Schmalkaldic War broke out in 1546, he marched to the south at the head of his troops, but the unexpected invasion of his country by his cousin Duke Maurice compelled him to return…

The Battle of Mühlberg, April 24, 1547, went against him and dispersed his army…

He received a slashing wound to the left side of his face, leaving him with a disfiguring scar from his lower eye socket down his cheek…

He was taken prisoner by Charles V and sent into exile in Worms…

By wmb3331

Isaiah Israel is a graduate of the University of Hawaii Pacific with a bachelors in Psychology and a deep love for history in which he believes that when you know the past you can understand the present and predict the future course of man and mankind and is the author of the best selling ebook The White Man's Burden Of Lies and Deceit.

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