European origin

The Origin of European Ancestry*

Haplogroups M, N, & R are to Eurasia,
what L1, L2, & L3 are to the Interior of Africa.Image may contain: 5 people, text

Image may contain: 13 people, text


Haplogroup N is the ancestral haplogroup to almost all clades today distributed in Europe and Oceania, as well as many found in Asia and the Americas.

In 2019, a study by Vai et al. presented evidence of a basal branch of haplogroup N from the Neolithic Sahara. In Sub-Saharan Africa, several ancient samples of N have been found, the oldest so far being K1a dating back to about 2000 BC in Kenya.


Haplogroup R is associated with the peopling of Eurasia after about 70,000 years ago, and is distributed in modern populations throughout the world outside of sub-Saharan Africa.Image may contain: 15 people, text


Haplogroup R is a descendant of the macro-haplogroup N, and its descendants are distributed all over Australasia, Americas, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, West Asia, East Asia, and especially Europe.

Among the R clade’s descendant haplogroups are Haplogroup R0 (formerly known as haplogroup pre-HV).

The Kalash people in the remote part of the Hindu Kush Mountain range are one of the most genetically distinct populations in the world. Their mtDNA haplogroups (from a sample of 44 people) had it’s highest frequency at 22.7% * pre-HV haploid type.


Haplogroup R0 (formerly known as haplogroup pre-HV) derives from the macro-haplogroup R, and is therefore the ancestral clade and antecedent to the haplogroups H and V.

Hg- H is found in approximately 41-50% of native Europeans.
Hg- V is found in approximately 4% of natives Europeans.

Hg- U is found in approximately 11% of native Europeans.
Hg- K is found in approximately 10% of native Europeans.

Hg- J is found in approximately 12% of native Europeans.
Hg- T is found in approximately 10% of native Europeans.

JT (predominantly J) was found among the ancient Etruscans.

Haplogroup U was the dominant type of Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Europe before the spread of agriculture into Europe and the presence and the spread of the Indo-Europeans in Western Europe.

Haplogroup U has various subclades numbered U1 to U9. Haplogroup K is a subclade of U8. The old age has led to a wide distribution of the descendant subgroups across Western Eurasia, North Africa, and South Asia

Today, 41-50% of all maternal lineages in Europe belong to haplogroup H. Haplogroup H is the most common mtDNA clade in Europe. The lineage is also common in North Africa and the Middle East.

While, Haplogroup V is a relatively rare mtDNA haplogroup, occurring in around 4% of native Europeans. Its highest concentration is in northern Scandinavians, occurring among 59% of the Saami people.

By wmb3331

Isaiah Israel is a graduate of the University of Hawaii Pacific with a bachelors in Psychology and a deep love for history in which he believes that when you know the past you can understand the present and predict the future course of man and mankind and is the author of the best selling ebook The White Man's Burden Of Lies and Deceit.

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