The Yellow Emperor The Jade Emperor
Confucius – Sun Tzu – Shaolin Kung Fu
The Tao – Martial Arts – Writing – Silk &
The Dynasties: XIA – SHANG – ZHOU – QIN – HAN – XIN – 6 – SUI – TANG – 5 – SONG – YUAN – MING – QING – XINHAI REVOLUTION
8000 – 2205 BCE: Early Chinese settlers build small villages and farm along the major rivers including the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.
The unification of Lower and Upper Egypt, c. 3100 BC.
2697 BCE: Legendary Yellow Emperor fought against Chih Yiu.
Shuai Jiao (known as Chinese Wrestling in English), is considered to be the most ancient of China’s martial arts. The first record of its use, which was called Jiao Ti at the time.
2696 BCE: Rule of the legendary Yellow Emperor. His wife Leizu invented the process of making silk cloth.
2205 – 1575 BCE: The Chinese learn how to make bronze. The Xia Dynasty becomes the first dynasty in China.
In Ancient Egypt the Bronze Age began in the Proto-dynastic period, c. 3150 BCE.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
The earliest undisputed Chinese script that we have evidence for is the Oracle Bone Script, which was used for divination inscriptions in the royal court of the Shang 商 dynasty.
1570 – 1045 BCE: Shang Dynasty
1045 – 256 BCE: Zhou Dynasty
Silk production develops on a larger scale, involving more sophisticated weaving techniques would only appear from the Chinese Shang and Zhou dynasties in the 2nd millennium BCE.
Silk then becomes one of the most important manufactured and traded goods in ancient China, and finds of Shang dynasty (c. 1600 – 1046 BCE) silk in an Egyptian tomb are testimony to its esteemed value and use in early international trade.
771 BCE: End of the Western Zhou and beginning of the Eastern Zhou. The Spring and Autumn period begins.
551 BCE: Philosopher and thinker Confucius is born.
544 BCE: Sun Tzu the author of the Art of War is born.
500 BCE: Cast iron is invented in China around this time. The iron plough was likely invented shortly after.
Although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas (such as Sub-Saharan Africa), the Iron Age began as early as 2500 BC.
481 BCE: End of the Spring and Autumn period.
403 – 221 BCE: The Warring States period. During this time leaders from different areas were constantly fighting for control.
342 BCE: The crossbow is first used in China.
The oldest known evidence of arrows comes from the South African site of Sibudu Cave, where the remains of bone and stone arrowheads have been found dating approximately 60,000-70,000 years ago.
221 – 206 BCE: Qin Dynasty
221 BCE: Qin Shi Huangdi becomes the first Emperor of China. He has the Great Wall of China built by extending and connecting existing walls to protect the people from the Mongols.
220 BCE: The writing system of China becomes standardized by the government.
210 BCE: The Terra Cotta Army is buried with Emperor Qin.
206 BCE: – 220 AD: Han Dynasty
104 BCE: Emperor Wu defines the Taichu calendar which will remain the Chinese calendar throughout history.
8 – 22 CE: The Xin Dynasty overthrows the Han Dynasty for a short period of time.
2 CE: A government census is taken. The size of the Chinese Empire is estimated at 60 million people.
105 CE: Paper is invented by Imperial court official Cai Lun.
222 – 581 CE: Six Dynasties
250 CE: Buddhism is introduced to China.
464 CE: The first Shaolin Monastery is founded by a dhyāna master who came to ancient China from ancient India to spread Buddhist teachings.
Shaolin Kung Fu combines Ch’an philosophy and martial arts, originated and developed in the Shaolin temple.
589 – 618 CE: Sui Dynasty
618 – 907 CE: Tang Dynasty
907 – 960 CE: Five Dynasties
960 – 1279 CE: Song Dynasty
1044 CE: This is the earliest date that a formula for gunpowder is recorded.
1088 CE: The first description of the magnetic compass.
1200 CE: Genghis Khan unites the Mongol tribes under his leadership.
1279 CE: The Mongols under Kublai Khan defeat the Song Dynasty. Kublai Khan establishes the Yuan Dynasty.
1279 – 1368 CE: Yuan Dynasty
As the Yuan dynasty ended, many Mongols as well as the Muslims who came with them remained in China.
1368 – 1644 CE: Ming Dynasty
1405 CE: The Chinese begin construction on the Forbidden City.
1405 CE: Chinese explorer Zheng He begins his first journey to India and Africa. He will establish trade relationships and bring back news of the outside world.
Zheng He (Cheng Ho) was a Muslim admiral originally named Ma Ho (the Chinese version of Muhammad). He made seven diplomatic voyages to East Africa between 1405 and 1433.
Amateur historian Gavin Menzies claims that Zheng He traveled to West Africa, North America and South America, Greenland, Antarctica and Australia and most of the rest of the world, although this idea is not taken seriously by professional historians.
The Ming dynasty supported Muslim Sultanates in South East Asia like the Malacca Sultanate, protecting them from Thailand and the Portuguese, allowing them to prosper. It also supported the Muslim Champa state against Vietnam.
After the Portuguese annexed Malacca in August 1511, one Portuguese diary noted ‘it is thirty years since they became Moors’.
1420 CE: Beijing becomes the new capital of the Chinese Empire replacing Nanjing.
1517 CE: Portuguese traders first arrive in the country.
1644 – 1912 CE: Qing Dynasty
1912 CE: The Qing Dynasty comes to an end with the Xinhai Revolution.
Traditionally credited with numerous inventions and innovation (ranging from the Chinese calendar) the Yellow Emperor is now regarded as the initiator of Chinese culture, and said to be the ancestor of all Chinese.
The Jade Emperor in Chinese culture, in traditional religions and myth is one of the representations of the first celestial beings.
The late Shang oracle bone writings are essential for the study of Chinese etymology as Shang writing is directly ancestral to the modern Chinese script.
This is the oldest known member and ancestor of the Chinese family of scripts, making it the direct ancestor of over a dozen East Asian writing systems developed over the next three millennia, including the Chinese and Japanese logographic and syllable scripts still in current use .
It is certain that Shang-lineage writing underwent a period of development before the oracle bone script developed because of its mature nature. However, Europeans hold that no significant clearly identifiable writing from before or during the early to middle Shang cultural period has been discovered despite the fact that the oracle bone writing scripts clearly harnesses elements of African symbology. Some of these Chinese characters constitute the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world.
The Four Dragons
Once a great drought had spread across the land. Four dragons from the sea noticed the plight of the people and traveled to beseech The Jade Emperor in the Heavenly Palace to bring the rains to the people. He was very busy ruling the heavens, earth, and sea and distractedly agreed to the send the rains on the next day if they would return to the sea, but soon after the dragons departed, he forgot his promise.
After ten days, the rains still did not come and the people began to die of starvation. The dragons could not simply stand by and do nothing, and so they decided to use their bodies to capture great masses of water from the sea, taking it upon themselves to bring the rain. The people were grateful and prayed their thanks to the Jade Emperor, who soon discovered what the dragons had done, and became angry that they intervened without his blessing.
The Jade Emperor ordered Mountain God to trap the four dragons. However, from each mountain that trapped a dragon there sprung a new river. From Yellow Dragon came the Yellow River, from Long Dragon the Yangtze River, from Black Dragon the Amur River, and from Pearl Dragon the Pearl River. The rivers thereafter flowed from west to east and north to south, the dragons ensuring that the peoples of China would never be without water again.