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Hannibal

HANNIBAL

Carthage was founded by Phoenicians (Canaanites)

The Carthaginians were thus of Semitic origin…

They were an offshoot from the Canaanites who occupied Palestine before the Jewish invasion, and whose language was closely akin to Hebrew…

Besides pure Canaanites, the Carthaginian population included a large number of “Liby-Phoenicians” or “half breeds”—the offspring of unions of Phoenicians and Africans…

Hannibal Barca was a general and statesman from Ancient Carthage who is widely considered one of the greatest military commanders in history…

The military genius was arguably most famous for climbing the Alps with war elephants whose sole purpose was to stomp the Roman army…

In 219 B.C., Hannibal of Carthage led an attack on Saguntum, an independent city allied with Rome, which sparked the outbreak of the Second Punic War…

He then marched his massive army across the Pyrenees and Alps into central Italy in what would be remembered as one of the most famous campaigns in history…

After a string of victories, the most notable coming at Cannae in 216 B.C., Hannibal had gained a foothold in southern Italy, but declined to mount an attack on Rome itself…

The Romans rebounded, however, driving the Carthaginians out of Spain and launching an invasion of North Africa…

In 203 B.C., Hannibal abandoned the struggle in Italy to defend North Africa, and he suffered a devastating defeat at the hands of Publius Cornelius Scipio at Zama the following year…

Though the treaty concluding the Second Punic War put an end to Carthage’s status as an imperial power, Hannibal continued to pursue his lifelong dream of destroying Rome up until his death in 183 B.C.

Greek historian Polybius and the Roman historian Livy are the two primary sources for his life…

According to them, Hannibal was taken to Spain by his father and at an early age was made to swear eternal hostility to Rome…

Hannibal’s life was one of near constant struggle against the Roman Republic.

He became a general at the age of 26 and managed to unite barbarian tribes to stop Rome’s imperial rise…